Once a year the computer industry comes together to celebrate these amazing machines!
This was organized by the University City Science Center, Philadelphia for their weekly "Venture Cafe" seminars.
Thursday, February 10th, 2022
Session 1- The 6502 Chip; the chip that changed the world. Networking Session 1- February 10th, 3PM - 4PM.
Come meet the people behind the 6502 Chip
Watch the overview 5 minute presentations by each speaker, then later Join the Breakout Rooms for VIP OVERVIEW OF THE 6502 Chip
How the chip found its way into the Apple, Atari, Commodore, Kim-1, AIM-65 and more.
Session 2- The 6502 Chip; the chip that changed the world. Networking Session 2- February 10th, 4PM - 5PM.
Networking sessions; Come meet the people behind the 6502 Chip
Join the Breakout Rooms for VIP OVERVIEW OF THE 6502 Chip
How did MOS Technologies of Valley Forge, PA create the chip that changed the world.
World Computer Day event lineup (tentative)
Hosted by University City Science Center, Venture Cafe Zoom Virtual event link-
Presenters followed by breakout tables/rooms.
Bill Mensch- 6502 Creation
Liza Loop- Apple 1 number 1
Laurie Wallmark- Women and the 6502
Corey Cohen- Vintage Computers 6502
Daniel Kottke- Working with Woz/Jobs
Leonard Tramiel- Commodore reflections
Cedric Gaudin- Rockwell AIM 65 Computer
Al Charpentier- 6502 Circuit Speeds
Bil Herd- Designing with the 6502
Jim Scherrer- MOS Superfund Site
Jochen Viehoff- Apple 1 Brought to Life
Steve Krug- Architecture of Compuseum
Tim Lapetino- The Art of Atari
This event will be hosted in the Zoom virtual networking platform including images, chat, and breakout rooms. We highly encourage utilizing Google Chrome and joining via laptop or desktop rather than from a mobile device for the best user experience.
IT Wire- A Trusted Source for News
IT WIRE PROVIDES FULL EVENT VIDEOS: World Computer Day 2022 - Celebrating the 6502, the chip that changed the world, plus exciting Apple-1 news
Here's a link to the coverage: bit.ly/worldcomputerday
ITWIRE - iTWire is a powerful source of top line ICT and General News, Analysis and Comment and has a vibrant community for industry professionals. iTWire puts tech and general news and developments from around the globe into perspective, covering all the important sectors of ICT and Business Sectors in Australia and globally, with a strong emphasis on government Its award-winning team of writers have earned a reputation for providing hard-hitting, insightful commentary and critical analysis of the business of technology, including corporate performance and developments, new product and service offerings and industry trends.
The Heinz Nixdorf Computer Museum, the world's largest computer museum, based in Paderborn, Germany has created an exciting video for upcoming World Computer Day events and celebrations. These special interviews give depth and breadth to the realization of why MOS Technologies, of Valley Forge, Pennsylvania and its 6502 Chip is called "the chip that changed the world." David Woitkowski, Curator of the famous Heinz Nixdorf Museum is a fabulous guide and interviewer. A special premier for World Computer Day!
0:00 Intro 02:10 Jim Scherrer, CEO of Compuseum 09:18 David Murray, "The 8-Bit Guy" on YouTube 20:09 Liza Loop, Co-founder of LO*OP Center 31:48 Achim Baqué, Administrator of Apple-1 Registry 45:46 Corey Cohen, Co-founder of Vintage Computing Federation 55:23 Outro
Watch Video Here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TU-JxMkDGbg
6502 machines at the Swiss BOLO Museum
Special Presentation for World Computer Day!
Cédric Gaudin, Président, Association Les Amis du Musée Bolo, Lausanne Switzerland presents one of their prized 6502 machines; the Rockwell AIM-65 (Advanced Interactive Microcomputer). This special presentation in celebration of World Computer Day and the theme of MOS Technologies of Valley Forge, Pennsylvania, USA and their 6502 Chip is found on YouTube at the link below.
The Heinz Nixdorf Computer Museum, the world's largest computer museum, based in Paderborn, Germany has created an exciting video for upcoming World Computer Day events and celebrations. The motherboard shown in this image is the Wozniak/Jobs original design bearing the 6502 chip which is the focus of celebrations and events on World Computer Day. Brought to you by Dr. Jochen Viehoff, Director and David Woitkowski, Curator this truly momentous occasion is sure to entertain and enlighten.
Watch Video Here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W98nDs8BJ7Y&t=69s
Western Design Center, Inc. is the home of the 65xx brand CMOS microprocessors. You are invited to learn more on World Computer Day 2022.
The Legendary 65xx microprocessors keep on cranking!
Interview by the talented Nicholas Lewis of Bill Mensch of Western Design Center, Inc. ; the home of the 65xx brand CMOS microprocessors. You are invited to watch the interview on World Computer Day 2022.
Bill Mensch is an electrical engineer who was among the original team that left Motorola to develop the 6502 microprocessor at MOS Technology. In this interview, Mensch discusses his life and career—including his early life in Pennsylvania, his journey into electrical engineering, and his circuitous path to Motorola—through his role in creating the 6502. Mensch then brings the 6502 up to the present, where both he and the chip continue to change the world of personal computing.
Interview by the talented Nicholas Lewis of Liza Loop of the LO*OP Center. You are invited to watch the interview on World Computer Day 2022.
Liza Loop founded the LO*OP Center in 1975 with the mission of providing educational resources for children and adults, emphasizing computing and communication technologies. In this interview, Loop discusses how her goals as a technology educator starting in the 1970s brought the first Apple-1, which utilized the 6502 microprocessor, to the LO*OP Center. Provided by Steve Wozniak as a classroom educational tool, the Apple-1 did not work exactly as planned. Loop discusses the history of this Apple-1, its future as an historical piece, and how her work in education has evolved since the 1970s.
6502 machines at the Vintage Computer Federation Museum
Special Presentation for World Computer Day!
Corey Cohen is an Apple-1 computer expert and a member of the Board of Directors for the Vintage Computer Federation (VCF), a federal 501c3 charity which hosts major vintage computer festivals and shows around the world including VCF East and West. VCF has a Brick and Mortar museum located in New Jersey at the Infoage Science Center in Wall, New Jersey.
Good Resources for 6502 Chip Background
COMMODORE SEMICONDUCTOR GROUP
LOWER PROVIDENCE TOWNSHIP, PA
JACK TRAMIEL HISTORY
Commodore and Atari
MOS TECHNOLOGIES HISTORY
Information at your Fingertips
Our going-forward planning includes providing educators with a wide range of materials and resources with the intent to give students, teachers and other professionals a comprehensive and broad range of resources on the topics being discussed. Multiple reliable web resources provide teachers with a wide range of resource materials on the the breadth of computers, micro-processors and information technology tools.
In this video we discuss a microprocessor that helped revive home video game consoles, sparked Steve Job’s personal computer revolution, and made home computers widely available to the public: The MOS 6502. There's much to see here. So, take your time, look around, and learn all there is to know about the 6502.
Jennifer Winograd (daughter of Terry Holdt, part of the 6502 team) tells us about one of the most influential microprocessors ever designed, the MOS 6502 is credited with ushering in the most rapid democratization of technology in human history: the personal computing revolution.
Launching a revolution from the 6502; the "CMOS version" of the 65C02. Used on long selling 3rd version Apple //e, Apple //c and lots of single-board industrial control computers. One of the most commercially important CPU architectures in the development of the personal computer.
Michael Steil subjects the 6502 to intense reverse engineering. The MOS 6502 CPU, which was designed in 1975 and powered systems like the Apple II, the Atari 2600, the Nintendo NES and the Commodore 64 for two decades. Only recently, the Visual6502.org project has converted a hi-res die-shot of the 6502 into a polygon model suitable for visually simulating the original mask at the transistor level. This talk will present the way from a chip package to a digital representation, how to simulate transistors in software, and new insights gained form this research about 6502 internals.
Vintage Computer Federation (VCF) hosts this fabulous video done by Stephen Edwards with Bill Mensch - The title of this is "The Genesis of the 6502 Microprocessor" - a retrospective created in August, 2020.
Back into the Storm: A Design Engineer’s Story of Commodore Computers in the 1980s brings you on a journey recounting the experiences of working at Commodore Business Machines from 1983 to 1986, as seen through the eyes of a young hardware engineer, Bil Herd. Herd was the lead design engineer for the TED series of home computers which included the Plus/4 and C16. He was also the lead designer for the versatile C128 that sold in the millions and was known fondly as the last of the 8-bit computers. In this book, Bil tells the inside stories that he and his extraordinary team, called “the Animals,” lived through at Commodore.
These were years when the home computer wars were at their height, technology moved ahead at a fast pace, and Commodore was at its pinnacle. The best-selling computer of all time, the Commodore C64, was in full swing and had blown past the sales numbers of its competitors, such as Apple, Tandy, Atari, and Sinclair, to name a few, in the home computer market. Commodore’s founder, Jack Tramiel, was the head of the company when Bil began working there.
A celebration of the early years of the digital revolution, when computing power was deployed in a beige box on your desk.
Today, people carry powerful computers in our pockets and call them “phones.” A generation ago, people were amazed that the processing power of a mainframe computer could be contained in a beige box on a desk. This book is a celebration of those early home computers, with specially commissioned new photographs of 100 vintage computers and a generous selection of print advertising, product packaging, and instruction manuals. Readers can recapture the glory days of fondly remembered (or happily forgotten) machines including the Commodore 64, TRS-80, Apple Lisa, and Mattel Aquarius—traces of the techno-utopianism of the not-so-distant past.
Home Computers showcases mass-market success stories, rarities, prototypes, one-offs, and never-before-seen specimens. The heart of the book is a series of artful photographs that capture idiosyncratic details of switches and plugs, early user-interface designs, logos, and labels. After a general scene-setting retrospective, the book proceeds computer by computer, with images of each device accompanied by a short history of the machine, its inventors, its innovations, and its influence. Readers who inhabit today's always-on, networked, inescapably connected world will be charmed by this visit to an era when the digital revolution could be powered down every evening.
YouTube's most successful purveyor of computer nostalgia brings those stories to print.
This book celebrates the most exciting period in the history of technology - the arrival of the home computer and home gaming console. For a time, an exciting and ever-changing array of different companies fought for supremacy, leaving a lasting legacy of great gameplay and surreal design we'll never experience again.
Features screenshots of nostalgic games that will bring joy to the heart of anyone who grew up in the 80s or early 90s, alongside stunning studio photography of the computers that imprinted themselves on a generation's minds.
A deep dive into hardware and the dawn of the 6502 chip makes this a great book for World Computer Day fans.
ATARI is one of the most recognized names in the world.
Since its formation in 1972, the company pioneered hundreds of iconic titles including Asteroids, Centipede and Missile Command. In addition to hundreds of games created for arcades, home video systems, and computers, original artwork was specially commissioned to enhance the Atari experience, further enticing children and adults to embrace and enjoy the new era of electronic entertainment. ART OF ATARI is the first official collection of such artwork. Sourced from museums and private collections worldwide, this book spans over 40 years of the company's unique illustrations used in packaging, advertisements, catalogs, and more!
ART OF ATARI includes behind-the-scenes details on how dozens of games featured within were conceived of, illustrated, approved (or rejected), and brought to life. Whether you're a fan, collector, enthusiast, or new to the world of video games, this book offers the most complete collection of ATARI artwork ever produced!
Includes a special Foreword by New York Times bestseller Ernest Cline, author of Armada and Ready Player One, soon to be a motion picture directed by Steven Spielberg: "For me, revisiting the beautiful artwork presented in this book is almost as good as taking a trip in Doc Brown's time machine back to that halcyon era at the dawn of the digital age. But be warned, viewing these images may leave you with an overwhelming desire to revisit the ancient pixelated battlefields they each depict as well."
How the computer became universal.
Over the past fifty years, the computer has been transformed from a hulking scientific supertool and data processing workhorse, remote from the experiences of ordinary people, to a diverse family of devices that billions rely on to play games, shop, stream music and movies, communicate, and count their steps. In A New History of Modern Computing, Thomas Haigh and Paul Ceruzzi trace these changes. A comprehensive reimagining of Ceruzzi's A History of Modern Computing, this new volume uses each chapter to recount one such transformation, describing how a particular community of users and producers remade the computer into something new.
Haigh and Ceruzzi ground their accounts of these computing revolutions in the longer and deeper history of computing technology. They begin with the story of the 1945 ENIAC computer, which introduced the vocabulary of "programs" and "programming," and proceed through email, pocket calculators, personal computers, the World Wide Web, videogames, smart phones, and our current world of computers everywhere--in phones, cars, appliances, watches, and more. Finally, they consider the Tesla Model S as an object that simultaneously embodies many strands of computing.
Milestones in Analog and Digital Computing by Herbert Bruderer, 2020 Edition
This Third Edition is the first English-language edition of the award-winning Meilensteine der Rechentechnik; illustrated in full color throughout in two volumes. The Third Edition is devoted to both analog and digital computing devices, as well as the world's most magnificient historical automatons and select scientific instruments (employed in astronomy, surveying, time measurement, etc.). It also features detailed instructions for analog and digital mechanical calculating machines and instruments, and is the only such historical book with comprehensive technical glossaries of terms not found in print or in online dictionaries. The book also includes a very extensive bibliography based on the literature of numerous countries around the world.
Meticulously researched, the author conducted a worldwide survey of science, technology and art museums with their main holdings of analog and digital calculating and computing machines and devices, historical automatons and selected scientific instruments in order to describe a broad range of masterful technical achievements. Also covering the history of mathematics and computer science, this work documents the cultural heritage of technology as well.
“This voluminous work presents the fruits of extensive archival and historical research. … the book discusses many groundbreaking analog devices … . The reader finds a very expansive list of achievements here … . A main strength of Bruderer’s work are archival Insights … . The book is itself a milestone in computer history, and a much needed corrective to the tendency, both in industry and in academia, to see computing almost exclusively in terms of the near future.” (IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, Vol. 5, April-June, 2022)
Fans of Dava Sobel’s The Glass Universe and Margot Lee Shetterly’s Hidden Figures are in for a treat” (Publishers Weeky) with this untold, World War II-era story of the six American women who programmed the world's first modern computer.
After the end of World War II, the race for technological supremacy sped on. Top-secret research into ballistics and computing, begun during the war to aid those on the front lines, continued across the United States as engineers and programmers rushed to complete their confidential assignments. Among them were six pioneering women, tasked with figuring out how to program the world's first general-purpose, programmable, all-electronic computer--better known as the ENIAC— even though there were no instruction codes or programming languages in existence. While most students of computer history are aware of this innovative machine, the great contributions of the women who programmed it were never told -- until now.
Over the course of a decade, Kathy Kleiman met with four of the original six ENIAC Programmers and recorded extensive interviews with the women about their work. PROVING GROUND restores these women to their rightful place as technological revolutionaries. As the tech world continues to struggle with gender imbalance and its far-reaching consequences, the story of the ENIAC Programmers' groundbreaking work is more urgently necessary than ever before, and PROVING GROUND is the celebration they deserve.
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